Liberty, equality and fraternity, Wolfswonian Museum, Miami
The Wolfsonian–Florida International University presents Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity, an exhibition exploring French cultural identity through design produced from the mid-twentieth century to the present from the CNAP collection curated by matali crasset, M/M Paris and Alexandra Midal.
Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity examines the changing political, economic, and cultural contexts in which French design is created and disseminated. It also takes into account the concrete and symbolic impact that design has in shaping perceptions and aspirations. Approximately one hundred and fifty objects will be exhibited, including furniture, industrial design, and craft, created by some of the most celebrated French designers of the past and present, including Charlotte Perriand, Pierre Paulin, Roger Tallon, Philippe Starck…, as well as others lesser known in the United States.
The collaboration is a perfect fit for The Wolfsonian and its mission to foster the understanding and appreciation of design as an active agent in human affairs. In tracing an alternative genealogy of French design history from the late 1940s to the present, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity will identify areas of design practice that engage with social, political, technological, and economic forces and their changing contexts over time,” notes Cathy Leff, director of The Wolfsonian. “The objects on display—from prototypes to industrial design products—have as their underlying premise the belief that design is politically and culturally relevant.”
Presented in nine narrative clusters, the exhibition is displayed within a network of related, yet unique, settings, and joined by viewing rooms for related films. The nine sections focus attention on individual designers, such as Roger Tallon and Philippe Starck; on important episodes in French industrial design history, for example, the seminal work of the research and development division of Thomson electronics in the 1990s; and on the influence of les villes nouvelles (new towns) built during the 1960s and 1970s. They each carry evocative titles that inform the interpretation and the display, such as the frame (French design digest), the barricade (design after the 1968 uprisings), and the star (Philippe Starck).
The installation design, conceived as a collaboration among matali crasset, M/M Paris, and Alexandra Midal, will be staged on wood units that can be assembled to serve as stools, plinths, pedestals, or other display elements; all units will be painted blue, white or red in reference to the French flag. The units are based on the Modulor, the celebrated measuring system that Le Corbusier created in 1943. Modular is a measuring tool based on the human body and on mathematics. A man-with arm-upraised provides, at the determining points of his occupation of space—foot, solar plexus, head, tips of fingers of the upraised arm—three intervals which give rise to a series of golden sections. It was the organizing measure for Le Corbusier’s designs, from chairs and tables to la Cité Radieuse.
- Silva Ross